The Construction of Entries in the 'ALPHABETICAL DICTIONARY'(1668) of John Wilkins and William Lloyd
The primary lexicographical component of An Essay towards a Real Character and a Philosophical Language (1668), the ALPHABETICAL DICTIONARY (with William Lloyd as co-author), has received only passing mention until quite recently. However, in my research (e.g. Dolezal 1983) I have discovered that Wilkins and Lloyd are responsible for three innovations in the development of English lexicography: (1) they introduced the broad range of the English vocabulary into the lexicon of the English monolingual dictionary (including a formidable number of multi-word lexical units); (2) they were the first lexicographers to use a highly systematic and methodological construction of entries; (3) their ALPHABETICAL DICTIONARY was the first to have a self-defining lexicon (that is, words used for definitional purposes were also defined). In this essay I will analyze the construction of entries in the ALPHABETICAL DICTIONARY (hereafter AD), concentrating my attention on (1) the notational system; (2) the delineation of polysemy; and (3) the use of sub-entries.