Combat exposure and military veteran counterproductive work behavior
McMillan, Jeremiah Todd
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Previous research has found an association between combat exposure and posttraumatic stress (PTS) among military veterans and between PTS and aggressive behaviors. The present study examined if these relationships extend to the prediction of counterproductive work behavior (CWB). Such research is needed to identify solutions that benefit military veterans, their co-workers, and organizations. Participants were 392 employed Gulf War-era II military veterans. Results provided support for the association between combat exposure and PTS, the association between PTS and CWB, and the partial indirect effect of combat exposure on CWB via PTS. Although it was anticipated that warriorism would weaken the relationship between combat exposure and PTS, results did not support this hypothesis. However, results did suggest that workplace belongingness weakens the relationship between PTS and CWB, which I interpret in light of a curvilinear relationship between belongingness and CWB. Theoretical implications, practical implications, limitations, and future research directions are discussed.