University schools of the air: teaching the joy of singing a historical review of educational choral radio broadcasts
Donaldson, Kristen Elisa
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Technology is an essential curricular tool in the twenty-first century music education classroom. Modern technological applications in the music classroom include, but are not limited to: computer programs and educational games, internet tutorials and instructional videos, podcasts, Skype, YouTube, and music notation software. Current technology is used for courses in music history, general music, or music appreciation, and not as widely-used in performance-based courses such as chorus. Research shows that choral music performance was effectively taught through educational radio programs in the United States beginning in the 1930s. This study is a historical review and analysis of the educational choral radio broadcasts of the most prominent university “Schools of the Air” in the United States, and the effective instructional practices of the educators of these broadcasts. An in-depth appendices of primary source documents from these programs is also included courtesy of the respective university archives. This historical review, analysis, and the supporting documents can be used as the basis for the incorporation of similar, modern technologies in performance-based music courses.