Concurrent and prospective correlates of grandiose and vulnerable narcissism in a longitudinal sample of at-risk males
Lamkin, Joanna Price
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The aim of the present study was to examine the concurrent and prospective correlates of grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. To do this, narcissism scales were created from an existing, broad personality measure. Then, data from a longitudinal sample of at-risk boys were used to examine relations between narcissism as measured by the new scales and variables in childhood and later young adulthood. Grandiose narcissism in childhood was associated with a number of problems in childhood and young adulthood, while vulnerable narcissism manifested less impairment overall. Findings are discussed in relation to the broader call for researchers to work to connect the presently disparate areas of child temperament and adult personality traits in order to understand how personality pathology develops over time.