Moderating role of race in emotion socialization practices
Are, Funlola Ganiat
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The current study explored the relations between parental emotion socialization responses and adult emotion regulation in an African American (N = 23) and European American (N = 81) young adult sample. We predicted in our overall sample that supportive emotion socialization responses would be correlated with fewer emotion regulation difficulties and unsupportive emotion socialization responses would be correlated with greater emotion regulation difficulties, while additionally exploring whether these associations differed by race. Results were consistent with hypotheses such that emotion regulation difficulties were negatively correlated with supportive parental emotion socialization and positively correlated with unsupportive emotion socialization responses. Regression analyses were performed to test race as a moderator of relations between parental emotion socialization practices and emotion regulation difficulties were not significant. Post hoc simple slope analyses revealed significant differences between the effects of parental emotion socialization responses on emotion regulation abilities for African American and European American participants.