Factors that contribute to burnout in vocational education teachers
Freeman, Dwionne R.
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The purpose of this survey study was to examine the influence of selected descriptive characteristics on the measures of the three subscales of burnout in vocational education teachers. Descriptive characteristics included age, gender, education, and years of teaching experience. Burnout was defined as a “psychological syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment that can occur among individuals who work with other people in some capacity” (Maslach & Schaufeli, 1993, p. 2). The three subscales of burnout examined were emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment (Maslach, Jackson, & Schwab, 1986). The population for this study was vocational education teachers in a large urban school system in the metropolitan Atlanta area of Georgia. The convenience sample consisted of 69 vocational education teachers. Statistical analysis included the use of descriptive statistics and multiple correlation analyses to understand the relationship between the subscales of the Maslach Burnout Inventory—Educators Survey and selected demographic variables. Multiple correlation analyses found that the relationship between each burnout scale and the descriptive characteristics was low and statistically insignificant. The lack of value of selected variables suggests that the experience of burnout in vocational teachers, many of whom are in second careers, is more complex than previously thought.