A comparison of job stressers experienced by male and female beginning agriculture teachers
Rucker, K. Jill
Duncan, Dennis W.
Boland, Kellis J.
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The purpose of this study was to determine if stressors differ among new teachers based upon gender. Male and female participants were similar demographically in that average respondents for both groups were married, between 25 and 34 years old, had bachelor’s degrees, lived in rural areas, and have taught agricultural education from one to five years. Participants were asked to indicate stress levels associated with job responsibilities constructs using a Likert scale where 1=least stressful and 5=most stressful. Gauging differences in stress associated with several different constructs of stressors, there was little difference between groups. Stressors included in the FFA construct held similar levels of stress for male and female participants except for the item: FFA responsibilities, which was significantly more stressful to women respondents (M=3.49) than men respondents (M=2.73). Two stressors related to time management emerged as significantly more stressful to female ag teachers; demands of class load/time and overburdened workloads. The constructs related to finances, student interactions, curriculum development and administrative support did not hold any items with significantly different stress levels for male and female agriculture teachers. While respondents indicated similar perceptions of stress related to job responsibilities, in the instances where differences did occur, female teachers were the group which felt increased stress levels. The broad nature of the items of greater stress indicated that emphasis on time management skills and stress management techniques would be beneficial for female agriculture teachers, in particular.