Needs assessment for a childhood obesity intervention program
Harper, Kristin Raye
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The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess the needs of families of obese children to inform the development of a childhood obesity intervention program. Using a structured questionnaire containing closed- and open-ended questions, selected nutritional and behavioral habits of 20 obese children were assessed through telephone interviews with primary caregivers. Half of the children were males, and the average age was 9.2 years. Spanish was reported to be the primary language in the homes of 75% of participants. On average, the children consume 3.2±1.9 servings/d of fruits and vegetables and 1.9±1.6 cups/d of sugar-sweetened beverages. The children were reported to participate in 54.3 min/d of active play and 114.3 minutes/d of screen time on average. The data suggest a need for an intervention program with emphasis on improving nutritional and behavioral habits of obese children while ensuring cultural relevancy.