Impact of market access programs on smallholder production and profitability during a drought season in Haiti
Boleman, Timothy Brock
MetadataShow full item record
In developing rural areas, smallholder farmers often face poor market access conditions that impede productivity and financial growth. This paper evaluates a development project that aimed to increase farm profits in northern Haiti by extending credit for agricultural inputs and linking farmers to output markets. The interventions are divided into: 1) full maize program, 2) partial maize program, and 3) peanut program. Impacts estimated using propensity score methods indicate that the maize program, which packaged credit for seed with a tractor service, extension, and guaranteed purchase of harvest, had no impact on crop failure rates or farm income because of high crop failure rates, but a positive impact on net revenue due to lower input costs. The partial maize program, which only involved the tractor service, also suffered from crop failure but significantly increased income and net revenue as a result of lower labor requirements and more successful intercropping. The peanut program significantly decreased crop failure rates and increased farm income, but had no effect on net revenue due to high input costs. A sensitivity analysis reveals how results differ under varying assumptions for the opportunity cost of labor and loan repayment rates.