Biomimicry as design lens for landscape architecture
Sandzen, Sigurd Carl
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In 1996, Janine Benyus developed the term “biomimicry” to describe design solutions prevalent in biological environments. The past two decades has seen biomimicry applications in multiple disciplines, including engineering, architecture, and material sciences. This design tool has yet to be comprehensively applied to projects developed within the landscape architecture profession. This thesis examined biomimicry’s potential to landscape architecture as a tool for innovation in design. A checklist analysis was developed for this thesis using biomimicry guidelines defined by Janine Benyus, creator of the term. Architectural case studies were used to determine the successful application of the checklist, while landscape architecture case studies determined biomimicry applications present in contemporary design approaches. Case study checklists were evaluated to determine correlations between criteria, and general guidelines for the application of biomimicry in landscape architecture were abstracted from the findings.