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dc.contributor.authorWürschum, Tobias
dc.contributor.authorBoeven, Philipp H G
dc.contributor.authorLanger, Simon M
dc.contributor.authorLongin, C. F H
dc.contributor.authorLeiser, Willmar L
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-01T17:55:35Z
dc.date.available2015-09-01T17:55:35Z
dc.date.issued2015-07-29
dc.identifier.citationBMC Genetics. 2015 Jul 29;16(1):96
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12863-015-0258-0
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10724/31909
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background Copy number variation was found to be a frequent type of DNA polymorphism in the human genome often associated with diseases but its importance in crops and the effects on agronomic traits are still largely unknown. Results Here, we employed a large worldwide panel of 1110 winter wheat varieties to assess the frequency and the geographic distribution of copy number variants at the Photoperiod-B1 (Ppd-B1) and the Vernalization-A1 (Vrn-A1) loci as well as their effects on flowering time under field conditions. We identified a novel four copy variant of Vrn-A1 and based on the phylogenetic relationships among the lines show that the higher copy variants at both loci are likely to have arisen independently multiple times. In addition, we found that the frequency of the different copy number variants at both loci reflects the environmental conditions in the varieties’ region of origin and based on multi-location field trials show that Ppd-B1 copy number has a substantial effect on the fine-tuning of flowering time. Conclusions In conclusion, our results show the importance of copy number variation at Ppd-B1 and Vrn-A1 for the global adaptation of wheat making it a key factor for wheat success in a broad range of environments and in a wider context substantiate the significant role of copy number variation in crops.
dc.titleMultiply to conquer: Copy number variations at Ppd-B1 and Vrn-A1 facilitate global adaptation in wheat
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.date.updated2015-07-29T19:07:47Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
dc.rights.holderWürschum et al.


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