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dc.contributor.authorAutio, Karoliina P M
dc.contributor.authorRuotsalainen, Janne J
dc.contributor.authorAnttila, Marjukka O
dc.contributor.authorNiittykoski, Minna
dc.contributor.authorWaris, Matti
dc.contributor.authorHemminki, Akseli
dc.contributor.authorVähä-Koskela, Markus J V
dc.contributor.authorHinkkanen, Ari E
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-01T17:49:03Z
dc.date.available2015-09-01T17:49:03Z
dc.date.issued2015-07-28
dc.identifier.citationBMC Veterinary Research. 2015 Jul 28;11(1):170
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-015-0498-2
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10724/31884
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background Dogs suffer from spontaneous tumors which may be amenable to therapies developed for human cancer patients, and dogs may serve as large-animal cancer models. A non-pathogenic Semliki Forest virus vector VA7-EGFP previously showed promise in targeting human tumor xenografts in mice, but the oncolytic capacity of the virus in canine cancer cells and the safety of the virus in higher mammals such as dogs, are not known. We therefore assessed the oncolytic potency of VA7-EGFP against canine cancer cells by infectivity and viability assays in two dog solid tumor cell lines. Furthermore we performed a 3-week safety study in two adult Beagles which received a single intravenous injection of ~2 × 105 plaque forming units of parental A7(74) strain. Results VA7-EGFP was able to replicate in and kill both canine cancer cell lines tested. No adverse events were observed in either of the two virus-injected adult Beagles and no infective virus could be recovered from any of the biological samples collected over the course of the study. Neutralizing antibodies to Semliki Forest virus became detectable in the dogs at 5 days post infection and remained elevated until study termination. Conclusions Based on these results, testing of the oncolytic potential of attenuated Semliki Forest virus in canine cancer patients appears feasible.
dc.titleAttenuated Semliki Forest virus for cancer treatment in dogs: safety assessment in two laboratory Beagles
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.date.updated2015-07-29T18:55:22Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
dc.rights.holderAutio et al.


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