Scaling up machine learning algorithms to handle big data
Al Jadda, Khalifeh
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Machine learning algorithms are very useful in many disciplines like speech recognition, bioinformatics, recommendations, decision making, etc. These algorithms gain more importance in the big data era due to the power of the data driven solutions. Machine learning algorithms are considered the core of data driven models. However, scalability is considered crucial requirement for all the machine learning algorithms as well as any computational model. In order to scale up the machine learning algorithms to handle big data, two basic techniques can be followed: 1- The parallelization of the existing sequential algorithms. This technique is what Apache Mahout and Apache Spark follow to scale up the machine learning algorithms. 2- Re-design the structure of existing models to overcome the scalability limitation. The result of this technique (which is more challenging) is new models which extend the existing ones, like the Continuous Bag-of-Words model. In this thesis we apply the second technique to extend a well known machine learning technique which is Bayesian Networks to handle big data in a very efficient time and space manner. The proposed model will lead to an easily-scalable, more readable, and expressive implementation for problems that require probabilistic solutions for massive amounts of hierarchical data. We successfully applied this model to solve three different challenging probabilistic problems, namely, multi-label classification, latent semantic discovery, and semantically ambiguous keywords discovery on massive data sets. The model was successfully tested on a single machine as well as on a Hadoop cluster of 69 data nodes.