Intake of plant foods, alcoholic beverages, and nonnutritive sweeteners in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors
Vickery, Courtney Rice
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Differences in consumption of selected plant based foods, nutrients, alcohol, and nonnutritive sweeteners in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors (survivors, n = 13) and postmenopausal women without breast cancer (controls, n = 71) were determined. Women were from northeast Georgia [n = 84, 95% white, mean (SD) age = 58.5 (3.8) y, BMI = 26.0 (4.6)]. Three-day diet records were analyzed (University of Minnesota’s Nutrition Data System for Research). Compared to controls, survivors consumed significantly more legumes, non-citrus fruit and fruit juices, carbohydrates (% of energy, g/1000 kcal/d, all P < 0.05), dietary folate equivalents (g/1000 kcal/d, P = 0.03), and fiber (g/1000 kcal, P = 0.06), but significantly less sucralose (a nonnutritive sweetener), wine, and alcohol (% of energy, all P < 0.05). Although there is no evidence that nonnutritive sweeteners are linked to cancer in humans, findings suggest these cancer survivors are attempting to follow evidence-based recommendations for cancer prevention such as a more plant based diet with less alcohol.