Predictors of acute dietary compensation among sedentary women after free-living moderate intensity exercise
Lyon, Kelsey Marie
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The purpose of these analyses was to identify individual characteristics that may predict changes in acute compensatory responses associated with exercise. Sedentary women’s total day and 3-hour dietary intake for total calories (TOT), carbohydrate (CHO), protein (PRO), and fat (FAT) was evaluated on a selected exercise and non-exercise day during an 8-week walking intervention. Results indicated increased 3-hour dietary intake with exercise. Dietary restraint was positively associated with total day FAT (r = 0.29) compensation. Disinhibition was positively associated with 3–hour TOT (r = 0.32), CHO (r = 0.29), PRO (r = 0.30), and FAT (r = 0.27) compensation. Ability to delay gratification (food) was negatively associated with 3-hour PRO (r = -0.52) compensation. Acute compensatory responses to exercise did occur in free-living settings. Individual characteristics, such as dietary restraint and disinhibition, may make individuals more susceptible to compensate following exercise.