Investigation of individual factors associated with anxiety in youth with autism spectrum disorders
Dubin, Ashley Heather
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As youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are more likely to suffer from anxiety than youth in the general population, investigation of associated factors is important for diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of the present study is to extend prior research on predictors of anxiety disorders using a large, nationally representative sample of youth with ASD. Logistic regression analyses indicated anxiety risk was related to age, parent-rated social problems, and average or above-average cognitive functioning. Higher levels of adaptive social behaviors were associated with anxiety risk in youth with low cognitive functioning, although no relation was present for youth with higher cognitive functioning. Results from the present study provide support for previously identified anxiety risk factors; however, further investigation is necessary to uncover additional risk factors and to explore how their relation to anxiety differs across individuals with ASD with varying levels of cognitive functioning.