Sanders, Bailey Kathryn
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Throughout the 20th century a growing number of states have taken proactive steps to ensure the political participation of their citizens residing abroad, even those citizens that have no intention of returning to the home state. I argue that to fully understand the rise of overseas voting we must consider it as a two stage process, one that is driven both by international norms of democratic participation and more state specific historical and political factors. I analyze the adoption of overseas voting in 73 countries from 1962 to 2013 in Europe and Latin America. I find that, though scholars often reference international remittances as a major reason for extending the overseas vote, state GDP, the timing of independence, and the number of educated emigrants abroad play more important roles in the rapid extension of overseas voting throughout the 20th century.