Callimachean Aeneas : poetic colonization in Aeneid III
Gladhill, Charles William
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During Aeneas’ journey in Book III Vergil refers to Callimachus’ Hymn to Apollo and Hymn to Delos. The intertext works on two levels: Aeneas’ journey is set squarely in the paradigm of colonization tales, yet, unlike other tales, Roman concepts of colonization and empire surface which Vergil explores by juxtaposing Aeneas’ city building to his confrontation with the monstrous. Second, the references to Callimachus’ hymns emphasize Vergil’s conception of the epic opus he has undertaken. I will discuss these issues by considering the outcomes of Vergil’s references to Callimachus’ hymns. I conclude that Vergil crafted Aeneid III to reflect the tensions inherent in empire and he emphasizes the positive force colonization has on Roman imperium. In addition, Vergil is consciously struggling with writing Homeric epic while using Callimachean artistry; in the process he redefines the heritage of poetry that he inherited.