Grand strategy of the Egyptian Revolution
Ahmed, Hasan Mustafa
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This paper is a case study on the grand strategy adopted by major actors during the 2011 Egyptian Revolution and the deeper motivations for their choice of strategy. It gives an in depth understanding of the clash of grand strategies between actors and how conclusions from this clash advance existing literature on revolution and social change in Muslim societies. Unique characteristics from the Egyptian case show how non-state actors such as the Muslim Brotherhood and “We Are All Khalid Said” could converge in their temporal grand strategy despite diverging in purpose, organizational structure and membership. This is contrasted with stages of counter-revolutionary strategy applied by the regime. Differences between traditionalist Sunni and Salafi movements of Egypt contextualize the moral basis for revolution as well as clashing grand strategic goals of newly emerging actors both in Egypt and the larger Arab Spring.