The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 is able to determine different eating behaviors and food patterns in congregate meal participants
Furman, Jessica Denae
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The purpose of this study was to analyze the construct validity of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire – Revised 18-item (TFEQ-R18) in congregate meal participants, and to assess the eating behaviors elucidated from this questionnaire with food intake. Participants were older adults (n = 124, mean (SD) age = 75 (8) years, 76% women, 56% White, 44% Black, and 51% obese (BMI > 30 kg/m2)) receiving congregate meals. The TFEQ-R18 measures cognitive restraint (CR), uncontrolled eating (UE), and emotional eating (EE), and the 6 food groups assessed with a short food frequency questionnaire were sweets, salty snacks, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and milk. The TFEQ-R18 was found to have acceptable construct validity and reliability in this sample. Robust associations were seen with UE and vegetables, and with EE and salty snacks. These results suggest that the TFEQ-R18 is a valid measure of CR, UE, and EE, and may be useful in development of nutrition interventions in congregate meal participants.