Testimonios históricos y ficción literaria en La voz dormida de Dulce Chacón
Estévez-Sherer, Maria Carmen
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In La voz dormida (2002), Dulce Chacón uses historical testimonials of people who lived through both the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) and the post-war, especially those of women jailed in the Ventas prison in Madrid. Her aim was to restore the fundamental role that women had during the war and to recover the historical and collective memory of the Spanish people. This memory had remained buried up until and even after the democratic period of the Transition in 1980. This thesis relies upon the theories of the historian and linguist, Hayden White and the philosopher Tzvetan Todorov, whose works deal with the role of language in restoring memory. The final objective is the understanding of the concept of “historical memory,” as a response to a social current that has shaken the foundations of Spanish society in the last few years. Furthermore, in this study the very literary features of the postmodern novel are analyzed, which itself juxtaposes history and memory with literary fiction.