Theoretical reasons for variations in the intelligence-policymaking distance in the United States and the United Kingdom
Lamanna, Lawrence Joseph
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This dissertation proposes new theoretical explanations for observed differences in the policymaker–intelligence-provider relationship in the United States and the United Kingdom. Despite historically close integration between the two intelligence systems, scholars of intelligence studies have observed that this relationship is much closer in the United Kingdom than in the United States. Up until now, the only explanation offered has been based mainly on perceived cultural differences. This dissertation suggests that less secrecy, less centralization of the political system, and larger government and intelligence organizations lead to greater incentives to politicize intelligence and therefore result in more distance between policymakers and intelligence providers in order to reduce the opportunity to politicize.