Chronic family economic hardship, family processes and progression of physical and mental health problems in adolescent years
Lee, Tae Kyoung
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The purpose of the present study are to address the unique effects of chronic family economic hardship as they influence marital conflict, supportive parenting, and adolescents’ anxiety, depressive symptoms, and physical complaints. To find unique pathways, the current study also added the direct and indirect influence by using an SEM framework. The current study analyzed data from a longitudinal sample of mothers, fathers, and target adolescents (N= 404- 451) to assess theoretical pathways. Findings generally supported the hypothesized model. Chronic family economic hardship contributed to mental and physical health of adolescents. This influence was largely mediated through supportive parenting. Moreover, supportive parenting buffered marital conflict on depressive symptoms of adolescents. Adolescent females are more vulnerable to health problems such as anxiety, depressive symptoms, and physical complaints in several time points. The study demonstrates key mediating pathways based on family stress model and also highlights the importance of improving health resources for adolescents.