Application of the Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program (WASP) to evaluate dissolved nitrogen concentrations in the Altamaha River estuary, Georgia
Kaufman, Galen Bernard
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The Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program (WASP v.7.4) and a water flow model, SqueezeBox, were used to model concentrations of dissolved nitrogen (DN) in the Altamaha River estuary, Georgia. Model development was guided by previous studies using WASP, literature surveys, and sensitivity analyses. The model was calibrated and validated against observations from the Georgia Coastal Ecosystems Long Term Ecological Research project. Average error between model predicted and observed concentrations was 39.8 % for NH3, 23.6% for NO3-, and 7.8% for DON. Results from the calibrated model showed that riverine DN input had an approximately 6-fold greater influence on predicted DN in the estuary than either flow or temperature. Overall, predicted DN concentrations were highest for high DN input, high flows, and low and medium temperatures.