Multiple determinants of affluent parents' perceived parental competence
Arnold, Amy Laura
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A noticeable gap exists regarding the lack of research on affluent parents, especially concerning what factors contribute to the perceived parental competence of affluent parents with adolescent and emerging adult children. Therefore, this study draws upon the bioecological theory (Bronfenbrenner, 1988) to provide a conceptual understanding of the processes of development that occur through reciprocal interactions between affluent parents and their contexts. This conceptual understanding of processes was specifically examined through the determinants of parenting model (Belsky, 1984) using structural equation modeling with full-information maximum likelihood estimates. Affluent parents’ family of origin supportive parenting, family of origin harsh parenting, personal well-being, social networks, and child characteristics were related to their perceived parental competence. Neither the parenting alliance nor hours worked for pay each week were related to perceived parental competence. Additionally, neither the parenting alliance, social networks, nor work mediated the relationship between personal well-being and perceived parental competence. Implications for future research and practice are offered.