The effect of attention disengagement training on eating disorder symptoms in individuals with borderline personality pathology
Stojek, Monika Magdalena
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Bulimia Nervosa (BN) is highly comorbid with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), and both of these disorder are characterized by reactivity to negative mood states. Attentional disengagement training (ADT) has been shown to reduce attentional bias to threat in individuals with anxiety disorders. The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not attention disengagement training in a population of individuals with BPD features would reduce negative a ective states and, consequently, their comorbid bulimic symptoms. Sixty participants were initiated in the ADT program. Twenty-eight participants were assigned to the placebo condition and 32 to the treatment condition. We conducted mixed model Group X Time ANOVAs with repeated measures on the second factor The results indicated that there was a signi cant decrease in the symptoms of anxiety, depression, anger, and bulimic behaviors over time in both groups, regardless of their group status. We had not found the expected time X group interaction. The reasons for these results are explored.