The development of final [asterisk]/-as/ in Pre-Vedic
Smith, Caley Charles
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Perhaps the most widely represented sandhi variant of final ending */-as/ in Sanskrit is [-ō]. In this thesis I shall attempt to motivate this ending, based on a combination of sound law and analogy. The evidence of such forms as edhí 'be!' [2nd SG. ACT. IMP.] from *as-dhí and manobhis 'with minds' [INST. PL.] from *manas-bhis suggests that in word-internal position that */-as/ developed into [-ē] and [-ō] preceding a voiced dental and labial respectively. There is evidence of three distinct phases where what has begun as word-internal sandhi becomes syntactically restricted word-external sandhi, and finally this word-external sandhi loses its syntactic restriction. Finally, the generalization of [-ō] at the expense of [-ē] is a product of the polyvalence of [-ē] from Pre-Vedic */ay/ as an ending in numerous categories of both the noun and the verb whereas [-ō] from Pre-Vedic */-aw/ was limited to the vocative singular of u-stems.