Perception versus production of Polish speech: Poznań
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This research is aimed at investigating the relationship between speech production and perception of speech in Poznań, Poland. Never before used on Polish data, Preston’s ‘Draw a map’ methodology (1989) was adjusted to measure the perception of speech varieties in Poland and in Poznań. Another perceptual tool was the questionnaire method to use it in exploring speech reported by the informants. The speech production tool used was the linguistic interview. The research encompassed over 500 subjects among the three tools used. Perceptual maps revealed that respondents indicated four main speech varieties with a high level of agreement, and the rest of the maps were covered in low level shared perceptions. The perceptual questionnaire showed that Poznań specific vocabulary is reported to be used by speakers across demographic dimensions. The differences within the significant factor groups were small, indicating continuous behavior. The interview task uncovered a tendency for all informants to use some local vocabulary, although not at a high rate. The theoretical approach used, called linguistics of speech, provided methods to link speech production and perception. Subjects created perceptions about their local speech with the help of such cognitive mechanisms as schema and gestalt to arrive with an observational artifact of ‘Poznań speech’. This way a limited set of lexical items became a sign of an existing population of ‘Poznań speakers’ in a defined ‘Poznań’ location. A model of the relationship between perception and production was proposed as continuous reciprocal speech behavior.
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