The middle passage of the twentieth century
Turner, Casondra Richelle
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Africans were taken from Western and Central Africa over 500 years ago, and today, many divisions exist between people of African descent as if they were never once members of the same great continent. It was hypothesized that, despite these clear divisions, black people have maintained interaction and shared experiences which are embodied in the social and political movements of the Twentieth Century. Research was conducted to determine whether or not the leaders of black liberation movements were engaged in a Pan‐Africanist movement and to what extent. By reading primary and secondary sources, conducting interviews, and watching films on black freedom movements around the world, the results were evident. Leaders of black liberation movements in Africa and North and South America were continuously interacting with each other by reading each other’s works, hosting multinational Congresses and visiting each other’s respective countries. It was concluded that there was a Pan‐African nature to the black freedom movements of the Twentieth Century which have in turn affected the ideas, ideologies, and identities of black people in Africa, Latin America and the United States today.