Leadership outcomes and transformational leadership of Georgia golf course superintendents
Lenhardt, Matthew Allen
MetadataShow full item record
The primary objective of this study was to describe the leadership behaviors of Georgia’s golf course superintendents, describe the outcomes generated by these behaviors, and determine a relationship between transformational leadership behaviors and leadership outcomes. Quantitative data was collected using Kouzes and Posner’s (2007) Leadership Practices Inventory questionnaire and researcher-adapted perceived outcome questions from part of Bass and Avolio’s (1994) Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ). After data analysis, it was determined that Modeling the Way was the transformational leadership behavior most widely used, followed closely by Enabling Others to Act. Outcomes of Effectiveness and Extra Effort scored similar and rated significantly higher than Satisfaction, with the highest correlation between Modeling the Way and Effectiveness. Recommendations include the need for an increased awareness of the benefits of improving leadership behavior in the golf course industry and participation in leadership enhancement workshops by the superintendent and employee to increase transformational leadership behaviors and satisfaction outcome.