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This thesis illustrates the humanitarian crisis in Northern Uganda, with a focus on the Lord’s Resistance Army and their unprecedented recruitment of child soldiers. Along with demonstrating how the crisis unfolded during the two decades of civil war, I explain how and why children were used by military groups in Northern Uganda. To supplement my research, I offer a detailed look at a similar crisis in Sierra Leone and examine how this nation created the first Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) that dealt with child soldiers separately from adult soldiers. My research focuses primarily of the DDR programs of these two nations, and critically analyzes the successes and failures of both programs. The purpose of my research is to bring to light the importance of a strong, unified DDR program when children are involved in armed conflict. After careful examination of the DDR programs in both Sierra Leone and especially in Northern Uganda, I offer five major recommendations for future child soldier crises. My five recommendations are based on empirical evidence concluded from the successes and failures in Sierra Leone and Northern Uganda’s DDR programs. I also offer a theoretical framework which is designed to bring peace and stability to warring nations with poor human rights. This framework demonstrates how peace can be reached in Northern Uganda, which I believe to the ultimate goal of any rehabilitation program in regions similar to Northern Uganda.