The filmic Indian and cultural tourism
Melichar, Kenneth Edward
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By using critical theory this thesis examines Indian images in silent films and cultural tourism during the period known as allotment and forced assimilation (1887-1928). Repressive Indian images, such as, the noble savage and the bloodythirsty savage, were challenged by alternative Indian representations in films and cultural tourism. Among the film-makers discussed are D.W. Griffith and James Young Deer. The films of Griffith are sympathetic (The Redman and the Child) and reactionary (The Battle of Elderbush Gulch). Young Deer’s films subvert dominant Indian-Anglo relationships and point to an Indian future (Red Eagle, the Lawyer). Indian images reflected in cultural tourism of the southwest (Texas, California, Arizona, and New Mexico) are analyzed as they find expression in Spanish missions in Texas and California; the Santa Fe Railroad and the Harvey Company in Arizona and New Mexico; and Eastern upper class women who settled in Northern New Mexico.