Over-the-counter stimulant, depressant, and nootropic use in veterinary medical students
Hofmeister, Erik Henry
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Over-the-counter medications (OTC) can cause problems due to overuse (caffeinism) or may be indicative of other lifestyle problems (i.e. sleep behavior). the purpose of this investigation is to characterize the use of OTC substances and compare energy drink and OTC use with affect in a veterinary student population. A survey was distributed to 1st-3rd year veterinary students at the University of Georgia to gather information about their use of OTC substances, energy support substances (ED), and depression, anxiety, and stress. 35% were OTC Users, 43% were ED Users. OTC Users had higher stress scores and ED users had higher anxiety scores than non-users. Educating veterinary students about the consequences of OTC and ED use and providing counseling support may be of benefit.