Forrester, Juanita Ann
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The first description of the egg, larval, and pupal stages of Anovia circumclusa (Gorham) are presented, along with notes on intraspecific color variation among adult Anovia. All literature pertaining to immature noviines is reviewed, and illustrations for all life stages are provided. The tribe Noviini is taxonomically treated on a global scale. A literature review is presented encompassing etymology, taxonomic history, biology, feeding preferences, biological control, and chemical defenses for Noviini. A cladistic analysis testing the monophyly of the tribe and included genera supports a monophyletic, mongeneric Noviini. The tribe was formerly comprised of three genera: Anovia Casey, Novius (Mulsant), and Rodolia (Mulsant). A new classification is proposed based on the cladistic analysis: Anovia and Novius are synonyms, the tribe is now comprised of the single genus, Rodolia (Mulsant). The monophyly of the tribe is supported by 8 synapomorphies. 111 nominal species of Noviini are treated: 46 names are valid, 20 names are doubtful, 16 new synonymies and 10 new combinations are proposed, 1 unnecessary replacement name is reported, 1 junior homonym is reported, and a new replacement name is proposed for it. A key to species along with descriptions, illustrations and distributional information is provided. A novel chemical defense for Noviini is hypothesized based on studies of related taxa and observations of Rodolia cardinalis (Mulsant). Hemolymph from R. cardinalis (Mulsant) and Rodolia circumclusa (Gorham) was tested, and the first records of carminic acid (a known deterrent to predators) being emitted by an adult coccinellid are presented.