Comparison of the effects lexical and ontological information on text categorization
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This thesis compares the effectiveness of using lexical and ontological information for text categorization. Lexical information has been induced using stemmed features. Ontological information, on the other hand, has been induced in the form of WordNet hypernyms. Text representations based on stemming and WordNet hypernyms were evaluated using four different machine learning algorithms on two datasets. The research reports average F1 measures as the results. The results show that, for the larger dataset, stemming-based text representation gives better performance than hypernym-based text representation even though the later uses a novel hypernym formation approach. However, for the smaller data set with relatively lower feature overlap, hypernym-based text representations produce results that are comparable to the stemming-based text representation. The results also indicate that combining stemming-based representation and hypernym-based representation produces an improvement in the performance for the smaller dataset.