Awbrey, James L.
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This study examines the isomorphic forces shaping the transformation of two organizations founded to provide recovery services for substance abuse problems. In a comparative case study, the organizational structures of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA) are longitudinally assessed for the presence and changes in: charismatic, traditional, and rational types of authority and administrative structures; authority accounts and organizational language; the degree of structuration of the organizational field. A Revised Model of Authority Types is introduced to indentify, classify, and trace the transformation of organizations with mixtures of authority and administration. This study found that internal problems, legitimacy contests, and environmental uncertainty have transformed the once unique organizations of AA and NA into rational and bureaucratic organizations that are isomorphic to their institutional environments.