Hacia una nueva interpretación de Canta sola a Lisi desde la perspectiva de un diálogo platónico
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This doctoral dissertation provides a new approach to Francisco de Quevedo’s songbook Canta sola a Lisi. This approach is ideological as well as stylistic. Beginning with the topic of originality and the influences on the aforementioned songbook, the first objective is to reveal the detailed connections between Canta sola a Lisi and Petrarch’s Canzoniere. This study argues that both poets focus mainly on the importance of the lyric I, the secondary place of the lady, the narrativity and consolidation of the sonnet as the major poetic form to convey the different nuances and rhetoric of love poetry. The second objective is to show how Plato’s dialogue Lysis sheds light on other influences upon Quevedo’s songbook, especially from an ideological point of view. Plato’s dialogue shows that Socrates’s negative opinion on the fallacy of the rhetoric used in love poetry leads to the use of rhetoric by sophists. In addition, the philosopher also extends his negative judgment to love poetry in general terms. This dissertation concludes that based upon Quevedo´s songbook´s combination of rhetoric, sophisms in the sonnet, a linear progression in which the end of the songbook coincides with the end of love, and lack of a pragmatic outcome, Canta sola Lisi is exposed as a product of a tradition that celebrates love from a neoplatonic standpoint. Thus, the position of Quevedo as a poet is, in fact, concurrent with the skepticism towards love that is disseminated in his other works.