The career development of black women nursing faculty
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The purpose of this study was to identify factors that contribute to the Career Development of Black Women Nursing Faculty. The two questions that guided this study looked at how Black women nursing faculty achieve advancement in institutions of higher education and the factors that affect the retention of Black women nursing faculty in institutions of higher education. A Qualitative Research design with a Black Feminist Theoretical Framework was used to examine the stories of the eleven Black women nursing faculty participants. Purposeful sampling using the maximum variation sampling technique was employed to select the participants. The primary data sources for this study were in-depth interviews with semi-structured questions, documents, and researcher notes. The major factors that assisted in the women’s career development in the academy were that the women needed to have nursing experience, advanced education, be willing to explore opportunities, have decreased family responsibility and a supportive network. The factors identified that support the retention of Black women nursing faculty were the commitment to nursing, having the ability to help Black students, flexibility and being a good fit for the inner nurse teacher struggle. The factors noted to negatively affect the retention of Black women nursing faculty were implicit expectations and requirements for promotion, politics, racism, limited recognition, low salaries, workload inequities, lack of mentorship and family obligations. This study revealed two main conclusions: 1.) Black women nursing faculty are able to achieved advancement in institutions of higher education by deferring their careers and living out their personal lives first; and 2.) The factors that affect the retention of Black women nursing faculty were multifaceted and grounded in the fact that the academy fit the women’s lifestyle.