Marta Rojas y la literatura femenina de combate
Bermúdez, Maria Elena
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Even though the studies of literature related to national identity have lengthened, the attempts to analyze a feminine integration within a nationalist project, and even more, the integration of the women of color have been recent. Franz Fanon points out the importance of returning to a historical past in order to find answers. This is why postcolonial literature has tendency of returning to the past to be able to re-evaluate historical facts. The present dissertation examines why Marta Rojas—in her historical novels—dialogues with the 19th Century Antislavery discourse, more than 100 years after the abolition of slavery in Cuba. For this, the work of Rojas is analyzed from a postcolonial position and the existing relation between postcolonialism and identity construction within a Caribbean context. This work examines how the author dialogues with the 19th Century Antislavery Narrative, pointing out how it differs from such narrative, positioning itself at the vanguard of a new historical novel. This is achieved through the analysis of Rojas’ feminine characters and the rescue of forgotten histories. Through these, the author demystifies previous stereotypes, resulting in a literature of combat in the formation of national identity highlighting the participation of the Other.