The challenge of American export control law-making
Tucker, Stephen Christopher
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This thesis explores the trials and tribulations of the Export Administration Act in the United States to discover why the U.S. Congress has had great difficulty in passing new export control legislation, a universally agreed upon tool for national security. The thesis focuses on the efforts of Senator Michael Enzi in 2001 as a case study for the majority of the analysis. Further, the role of the industry organizations is explored to uncover whether or not they are truly at fault for the lack of export control legislation in the United States. The conclusions of the research are that the industry groups are not the root of the failure of export control legislation, but rather, act as an interested partner in the crafting of legislation. The research also concludes that the most important reason for the failure of legislation is a lack of empowered leadership on the issue.