Diabetes self-management education for older adults
MetadataShow full item record
This study examined the effects of a community-based diabetes self-management (DSM) and physical activity intervention on diabetes control in older adults from 33 senior centers in Georgia. Participants were a convenience sample (N = 144, mean age = 74 years, 84% female, 42% Caucasian, 57% African American). The pre- and post-tests included measurements of A1c and self-assessment of 12 DSM behaviors. At the pre-test, participants’ mean A1c was 7.0 ± 1.4% and 17% had A1c greater than 8%, which represents poor glucose control. During the 4 month intervention participants attended up to 8 lessons focused on DSM. At the post-test, participants significantly increased their DSM behaviors by an additional 1 or more days in these areas (P < .0001): following a healthy eating plan, following an eating plan prescribed by their doctor, eating five or more servings of fruits and vegetables, spacing carbohydrates, and inspecting the insides of their shoes. The mean decrease in A1c for the entire sample was 0.25% (SD = 0.82, N = 144, P = .0004) and those with an initial A1c >8% had a clinically and statistically significant decrease of 1.15% (SD = 1.09, n = 24, pre-test: 9.48% vs. 8.33%, P < .0001,). In summary, this intervention was found to be a feasible and efficacious approach to significantly improving A1c and DSM behaviors in older adults in community-based senior centers throughout Georgia.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The effects of centering in care on self-management of type II diabetes in medically underserved co-residing adults Desandre, Carolynn Anne (uga, 2014-05)Guided by Critical, Humanistic, and Social Support theories this mixed methods study uses the tenets of Hermeneutic Phenomenology and quantitative data trends to illuminate the lived experience of medically underserved ...
Zack, Amy Rebekah (uga, 2010-08)This study examined the performance levels and predictors of diabetes self-management (DSM) behaviors in older adults in senior centers from 12 Georgia Area Agencies on Aging. Participants were a convenience sample (N = ...
Details of development of the resource for adults with asthma in the RAISIN (randomized trial of an asthma internet self-management intervention) study Morrison, Deborah; Mair, Frances S; Chaudhuri, Rekha; McGee-Lennon, Marilyn; Thomas, Mike; Thomson, Neil C; Yardley, Lucy; Wyke, Sally (2015-07-28)Abstract Background Around 300 million people worldwide have asthma and prevalence is increasing. Self-management can be effective in improving a range of outcomes and is cost ...