Rasul and Nabi
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Degrees of prophetic office have been a facet of Islamic discourse since the days of Muhammad’s early community. Are there degrees of prophecy? Are certain prophets superior to other prophets? The focal point of my thesis will be the two terms employed to designate prophetic office in the Quran, nab+ and raskl. This thesis will examine the linguistic features of each word then examine the attributes ascribed to each in the Quran. Following that will be a detailed study of the discourse on the eminence of these two terms. This survey of the discourse will feature theories by both Muslim and Western scholars. The final portion of this paper will examine the socio-historical setting of Muhammad and a quantitative-historical analysis of the Quranic terms raskl and nab+. These analyses will demonstrate that Judaic influences shaped the language of Muhammad and the Quran in the Medinan time period.