Mentor-protégé expectation agreement, met expectations, and perceived effort
Lockwood, Angie Lynn
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To date, research on mentoring relationships has focused on developing a normative model, outlining key antecedents, processes, and outcomes. In line with Leader-Member Exchange theory, this study examined the unique, idiosyncratic nature of mentoring relationships using data from 106 matched formal mentoring dyads. Contrary to predictions, met expectations did not mediate the relationship between mentor-protégé agreement on expectations for protégé/mentor behaviors and affective outcomes. Instead, perceived effort was the key driver of met expectations and demonstrated direct and indirect effects on relationship quality, protégés’ willingness to mentor, and protégés’ perception of program effectiveness. Additionally, mentor-protégé agreement on protégé role modeling and friendship behaviors was associated with mentors’ affective outcomes. Implications of non-hypothesized findings and suggestions for future research are discussed.
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