Comparison of two techniques that determine habitat selection by bobcats and a discussion of habitats within overlapping and non-overlapping areas
Keenan, Jason A.
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Radio-telemetry is an expensive and time-consuming technique for collecting wildlife habitat data. Therefore, we compared bobcat (Lynx rufus) habitat selection as determined from radio-telemetry locations versus scent station visitations in Baker County, southwestern Georgia. We compared the proportions of each habitat used as derived from radio-telemetry locations to the proportions of habitats within buffers surrounding scent stations visited by bobcats. Scent stations differed from radio-telemetry (P<0.0001, all situations). This suggests that scent stations do not provide an adequate substitute for radio-telemetry. Habitats not only differ in their composition, but also how they are used. Overlapping and non-overlapping polygons of bobcat home ranges were tested for differences using a MANOVA to test among the eight available habitats. This resulted in finding that males do not differ in the overlapping and non-overlapping areas of their home ranges (›=0.3788, P =0.3471). Females did prefer not to share (›=0.6234, P =0.0325) the urban/barren areas (t<0.0876) as well as the shrub/scrub (t<0.0696) and pine regeneration (t<0.0687) habitats.