Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress, and mindfulness
Gabriel, Kirsten Trabbic
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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and dispositional mindfulness. Traumatic life events are no longer considered outside the range of normal human experience and can often exert long-term, deleterious changes in individual functioning. Exposure to trauma with an intense emotional response frequently leads to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although there is growing empirical support for the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions to a range of psychological disorders, little basic research exists to explore relationships among trauma exposure, post-trauma symptomology, and mindfulness. The hypothesis that dispositional mindfulness would moderate the relationships between trauma exposure and PTSD was not supported. However, mindfulness was found to significantly mediate the relationship between trauma exposure and PTSD. These findings lend support to the application of mindfulness-based applications for trauma related symptoms.