Kinematic and kinetic comparisons between elite female and male baseball pitchers
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of the current study was to identify the biomechanical features of elite female baseball pitching, and compared to males. Results suggested that females are kinematically similar to males, with significant but limited differences such as an open stride foot placement and the lower knee extension angular velocity. Females had similar timing of kinematics but longer time spent, and much lower loads at shoulder and elbow joints. Ball velocity was lower in females. Females are fully capable of pitching, and the risks of injury like ligament tears are minimal comparing to males according to kinetic results. Females should therefore be encouraged to participate in baseball as pitchers, providing pitch counts are monitored.