Authenticity and susceptibility to emotionally-irrelevant facial cues
Cascio, Edward V.
MetadataShow full item record
We examined the relationship between individual differences in authenticity and the lability of pleasant and unpleasant affect under conditions of experimentally-induced facial simulation. Participants completed a scale measuring their dispositional authenticity (AI-3, Goldman & Kernis, 2004), as well as a set of tasks comprising a facial simulation procedure. Our procedure resembled the one employed by Strack, Martin, and Stepper (1988) to unobtrusively test the facial feedback hypothesis, which asserts that momentary affect is influenced by specific patterns of activation and deactivation of facial musculature. In this procedure participants hold a pen in their mouths in such a way that muscles related to anger or happiness are stimulated. We measured pleasant and unpleasant affect with the Affect Balance Scale (ABS, Bradburn, 1969). Our findings indicated a moderating effect of authenticity on the influence that manipulated facial cues had on unpleasant, but not pleasant, affect. Predicted values depicting this interaction did not yield a readily interpretable pattern. Discussion focuses on interpretations of the moderating effects of authenticity as well as future research directions.