Georgia Senate Bill 440
MetadataShow full item record
In response to the increasing number of violent crimes committed by youth, states began to pass laws that charged youth who committed such heinous acts as adults. Georgia was not an exception, The Juvenile Justice Reform Act, also known as Georgia Senate Bill 440, was passed into law in 1994. This law stated, in part that youth ages 13-17 who commit one of the following seven offenses murder; voluntary manslaughter; rape; aggravated sexual battery; aggravated child molestation; and robbery, if committed with a firearm would be charged as an adult. This study examined the possible contributing factors (i.e., race, academic achievement, geographic residence and income) of youth being waived to superior court and charged as adults in the State of Georgia. Secondary data were utilized with an N= 5819 from the Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice. Also recidivism rates were compared between youth who received waivers and those who were processed in juvenile court. Results indicated that race and geographic residence were variables that indicated the likelihood of a youth being waived to Superior Court. When recidivism rates were analyzed the results indicated that those youth who were waived to Superior Court were less likely to recidivate when compared to youth who were processed in Juvenile Court.