Dietary patterns and supplement intake of older adults in northeast Georgia
Kolmers, Anita M.
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of this study was to identify the patterns of dairy product, meat, fruit, vegetable, whole grain, and dietary supplement intake among older adults in northeast Georgia senior centers (N = 173; mean age: 77 years; 75% female; 39% African American). A survey questionnaire collected self-reported information on food and supplement consumption patterns, socioeconomic factors, nutrition knowledge, and illnesses. Daily servings of dairy products, fruits and vegetables, and whole grains were approximately 1, 3, and 1, respectively. Only 3.4% of participants consumed 3 or more servings of dairy products per day, and only 31% of participants in the lowest category of dairy product intake (0-6 servings per week) took calcium supplements. Only 16% of participants consumed 5 or more servings of fruit and green, orange or yellow vegetables (intakes of potatoes and legumes not examined) per day, and only 7% of participants consumed 3 or more servings of whole grains per day. Forty percent of participants took multivitamin/mineral supplements, while 32% took calcium supplements. Older adults do not meet the 2005 Dietary Guideline recommendations, and interventions should be implemented to increase consumption of these foods.