Consideration of potential moderators of the relation between social dominance and emotional adjustment
Dyer, Amanda Dix
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The focus of the present study was an effort to explain meager relations between social dominance and outcome measures of emotional adjustment for children in middle childhood. The current study employed six moderating variables including friendship quality, dominance level of friend, negative emotionality, positive emotionality, sociability, and parent-child relationships. Outcome variables consisted of self-report using the Behavior Assessment System for Children and peer ratings using a peer-nomination format. Multiple regression and post-hoc analyses were run separately by gender to assess the effect of the moderator. Differential results were found for males and females. For males, several indices of self-report were predicted by social dominance when specific moderators were considered; this was not so for females. Social dominance predicted peer-ratings of emotional adjustment for both genders when several moderating variables were employed.